When opening a folder in OS X Finder, icon view is the default view style. Unless is has been manually changed through the Finder toolbar. You can change the default view style
Disable the menu option: ‘Go ▸ Connect to server…’ (cmd⌘ + K) in the Mac OS X Finder menubar.
In Finder you can show the path from root to the current folder (option: View ▸ Show Path Bar). With the following command the path will be displayed from the home folder. When browsing your Documents folder “Macintosh HD ▸ Users ▸ defaultswritecom ▸ Documents” (full path) will be shown as: “defaultswritecom ▸ Documents” in the path bar.
When attempting to change a file extension in OS X Finder a warning dialog will appear. This could be annoying if you know what you’re exactly doing. Turn off the extension change dialog with the following command.
Mac OS X Finder does not show hidden (.dot) files and folders. Usually administrator will go in the Terminal and browses those hidden files and folders. This command will display all hidden files and folders.